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21-3408.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3408; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 9; L. 1994, ch. 291, § 22; Repealed, L. 2010, ch. 136, § 307; July 1, 2011.

Source or Prior Law:

21-436.

Cross References to Related Sections:

Use of force in resisting arrest, see 21-3217.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"Child Abuse and Neglect: The Legal Challenge," G. Joseph Pierron, 46 J.B.A.K. 167, 173 (1977).

"Reform in Kansas Domestic Violence Legislation," David J. Gottlieb and L. Eric Johnson, 31 K.L.R. 527, 536 (1983).

"The Kansas Stalking Law: A 'Credible Threat' to Victims. A Critique of the Kansas Stalking Law and Proposed Legislation," Callie Anderson Marks, 36 W.L.J. 468 (1997).

"Criminalizing the Intentional or Reckless Exposure to HIV: A Wake-Up Call to Kansas," Amy M. Decker, 46 K.L.R. 305 (1998).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Assault; battery; prosecution for intentional exposure to HIV. 92-29.

Restraining orders violations; criminal trespass; probable cause for arrest. 94-74.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Assault in federal penitentiary; Assimilative Crimes Act has no application if act is made penal under federal statutes. United States v. Patmore, 475 F.2d 753.

2. Conviction of aggravated assault not upheld; meaning of apprehension of bodily harm determined. State v. Warbritton, 215 Kan. 534, 536, 537, 527 P.2d 1050.

3. Conviction of assault and battery and rape; alleged trial errors reviewed and conviction upheld. State v. James, 216 Kan. 235, 531 P.2d 70.

4. Applied in upholding conviction under K.S.A. 21-3411; evidence and instructions sufficient. State v. Clanton, 219 Kan. 531, 532, 548 P.2d 768.

5. Instructions hereunder not required in prosecution for aggravated assault and aggravated burglary. State v. Williams, 220 Kan. 610, 611, 556 P.2d 184.

6. Simple assault is lesser offense to aggravated assault; failure to instruct thereon error. State v. Werkowski, 220 Kan. 648, 652, 556 P.2d 420.

7. Mentioned; intent requirements of K.S.A. 1976 Supp. 21-3431 declared unconstitutional; impermissibly vague. State v. Kirby, 221 Kan. 1, 5, 563 P.2d 408.

8. Under evidence instruction on assault not required in prosecution for aggravated battery. State v. Buckner, 221 Kan. 117, 121, 558 P.2d 1102.

9. Applied; conviction of aggravated battery affirmed; instructions upheld. State v. Bailey, 223 Kan. 178, 183, 573 P.2d 590.

10. Cited; conviction for aggravated robbery reversed; improper instruction. State v. Nelson, 224 Kan. 95, 97, 577 P.2d 1178.

11. Review of conviction hereunder and of other crimes; no reversible error. State v. Sanders, 225 Kan. 147, 148, 587 P.2d 893.

12. Use of firearm, loaded or unloaded, in commission of any offense set out in this article requires mandatory sentence (K.S.A. 21-4618). State v. Deutscher, 225 Kan. 265, 267, 269, 271, 589 P.2d 620.

13. Cited; firing gun at police officer legally sufficient to satisfy requirements of aggravated assault on a law enforcement officer; convictions affirmed. State v. Howell & Taylor, 226 Kan. 511, 515, 601 P.2d 1141.

14. Cited; impoundment of defendant's vehicle unauthorized and unreasonable; conviction reversed. State v. Urban, 3 Kan. App. 2d 367, 595 P.2d 352.

15. Where stipulation contained evidence to establish elements of assault, court properly found respondent guilty beyond reasonable doubt. In re Geisler, 4 Kan. App. 2d 684, 685, 686, 687, 688, 689, 690, 610 P.2d 640.

16. Cited in holding instruction on aiding and abetting including other than indicated crime proper under evidence. State v. Hobson, 234 Kan. 133, 157, 671 P.2d 1365 (1983).

17. Cited; where information did not allege every essential element of aggravated assault (K.S.A. 21-3410), conviction reversed. State v. Slansky, 239 Kan. 450, 452, 453, 720 P.2d 1054 (1986).

18. Exact statutory words need not be used if meaning is clear. State v. Bishop, 240 Kan. 647, 651, 732 P.2d 765 (1987).

19. Cited; "deadly weapon" construed, duty to instruct on lesser included offense (K.S.A. 21-3107) examined. State v. Adams, 12 Kan. App. 2d 191, 194, 737 P.2d 876 (1987).

20. Cited; aggravated assault (K.S.A. 21-3410) as not a lesser included offense (K.S.A. 21-3107) of attempted (K.S.A. 21-3301) second degree murder (K.S.A. 21-3402) noted. State v. Daniels, 12 Kan. App. 2d 479, 483, 753 P.2d 300 (1987).

21. Failure to allege essential elements of offense in information as voiding conviction thereof noted. Zapata v. State, 14 Kan. App. 2d 94, 96, 782 P.2d 1251 (1989).

22. Evidence required for instruction on aggravated assault examined; immediate apprehension of bodily harm as necessary element noted. State v. Dixon, 248 Kan. 776, 785, 811 P.2d 1153 (1991).

23. Whether defendant's conviction for attempted aggravated assault must be reversed because no such crime existed at time examined. State v. Martinez, 20 Kan. App. 2d 824, 830, 893 P.2d 267 (1995).

24. Trial court did not err in refusing lesser included offense instruction on assault in aggravated assault prosecution. State v. Torrance, 22 Kan. App. 2d 721, 727, 922 P.2d 1109 (1996).

25. Firing gun during aggravated assault not per se excessive brutality; sentencing departure not supported by substantial and compelling reason. State v. Eisele, 262 Kan. 80, 83, 90, 936 P.2d 742 (1997).

26. Defendant's guilty plea to attempted aggravated assault was not erroneous as a plea to nonexistent crime. Spencer v. State, 264 Kan. 4, 7, 954 P.2d 1088 (1998).

27. Kansas criminal code does not affect any civil right or remedy in civil action based upon conduct code punishes. Smith v. Welch, 265 Kan. 868, 875, 967 P.2d 727 (1998).

28. Trial court erred in not binding defendant over for trial on aggravated assault charge. State v. Powell, 266 Kan. 282, 288, 971 P.2d 340 (1998).

29. Evidence sufficient to establish intent element of aggravated assault; defendant testified he intended to scare or injure intruders. State v. Shively, 26 Kan. App. 2d 302, 314, 987 P.2d 1119 (1999).

30. Aggravated assault of law enforcement officer only requires proof that defendant intentionally placed another person in reasonable apprehension of immediate bodily harm; specific intent not required; not reversible error for failing to give general intent instruction. State v. Eichman, 26 Kan. App. 2d 527, 530, 989 P.2d 795 (1999).

31. Cited in discussion of general intent crimes; court's response to jury question misstated intent element. State v. Hawkins, 40 Kan. App. 2d 10, 14, 15, 188 P.3d 965 (2008).

32. Instruction on self-defense not warranted unless defendant used actual physical force; but see dissent. State v. Hendrix, 289 Kan. 859, 218 P.3d 40 (2009).


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