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21-3716.

History: L. 1969, ch. 180, § 21-3716; L. 1991, ch. 33, § 29; L. 1992, ch. 298, § 45; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 75; Repealed, L. 2010, ch. 136, § 307; July 1, 2011.

Source or Prior Law:

21-513, 21-514, 21-515, 21-516, 21-517, 21-518, 21-519, 21-520, 21-521, 21-522, 21-525.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Conviction upheld; lineup procedure not violative of due process; counsel present during viewing. State v. Kelly, 210 Kan. 192, 499 P.2d 1040.

2. Conviction hereunder affirmed; need not be another person in building at time defendant enters it to convict hereunder. State v. Lora, 213 Kan. 184, 187, 195, 515 P.2d 1086.

3. Conviction of attempted aggravated burglary; record examined; no error. State v. Nading, 214 Kan. 249, 519 P.2d 714.

4. Conviction hereunder; record examined; conviction upheld. State v. Winston, 214 Kan. 525, 520 P.2d 1204.

5. Conviction hereunder; instructions of trial court reviewed and upheld. State v. Atkinson, 215 Kan. 139, 140, 523 P.2d 737.

6. Conviction hereunder; instruction defining reasonable doubt not erroneous; evidence sufficient; record reviewed; no reversible error. State v. Price, 215 Kan. 718, 721, 529 P.2d 85.

7. Conviction hereunder and under K.S.A. 21-3427 upheld; no right to have jury trial reinstated after voluntary waiver. State v. Lawrence, 216 Kan. 27, 530 P.2d 1232.

8. Conviction hereunder and under K.S.A. 21-3502 and 21-3506 reviewed; evidence; instructions; no reversible error. State v. James, 217 Kan. 96, 535 P.2d 991.

9. Conviction hereunder and of other offenses reviewed; failure to move for severance of offenses constitutes waiver of joinder. State v. Townsley, 217 Kan. 102, 535 P.2d 1.

10. Conviction hereunder reviewed and conviction upheld. State v. Brown, 217 Kan. 595, 538 P.2d 631.

11. Alleged trial errors examined on appeal from conviction hereunder; no error. State v. Emery, 218 Kan. 423, 543 P.2d 897.

12. Alleged errors reviewed and conviction hereunder upheld. State v. Adams, 218 Kan. 495, 497, 498, 499, 545 P.2d 1134.

13. Convictions hereunder and of other crimes affirmed on review. State v. Lee, 221 Kan. 109, 110, 558 P.2d 1096.

14. Evidence supported aggravated burglary conviction. State v. Rhone, 219 Kan. 542, 546, 548 P.2d 752.

15. Evidence sufficient to support conviction for aggravated burglary. State v. Nesmith, 220 Kan. 146, 150, 551 P.2d 896.

16. Conviction of aggravated assault and aggravated burglary affirmed; no instructions required on lesser crimes. State v. Williams, 220 Kan. 610, 612, 556 P.2d 184.

17. Conviction hereunder and of other offenses; no error in refusing new trial or in refusing proposed instruction. State v. Robertson, 221 Kan. 409, 559 P.2d 810.

18. Conviction hereunder affirmed; substitution of alternate juror for excused juror upheld; rule stated. State v. Bircher, 2 Kan. App. 2d 15, 573 P.2d 1128.

19. Conviction of aggravated robbery and aggravated burglary affirmed; confession independent evidence. State v. Goodwin, 223 Kan. 257, 573 P.2d 999.

20. No abuse of discretion in refusing to grant separate trials nor in refusal to sever counts; conviction affirmed. State v. Howell, 223 Kan. 282, 573 P.2d 1003.

21. Record examined on appeal from conviction hereunder and of first degree murder; judgment affirmed. State v. Bishop, 223 Kan. 539, 544, 574 P.2d 1386.

22. Conviction hereunder reversed; charges dismissed as provided by K.S.A. 22-4401 IV (e). State v. Keener, 224 Kan. 100, 577 P.2d 1182.

23. Conviction hereunder affirmed; amended complaint proper; failure to give limiting instructions not clearly erroneous. State v. Bell, 224 Kan. 105, 577 P.2d 1186.

24. Admission of evidence of a similar offense proving identity under K.S.A. 60-455 held proper; conviction affirmed. State v. Gourley, 224 Kan. 167, 578 P.2d 713.

25. Record reviewed on appeal from conviction hereunder and of other crimes; no error. State v. Howard, 224 Kan. 208, 209, 579 P.2d 702.

26. Record examined on appeal from conviction hereunder and of other crimes; judgment affirmed. State v. Soles, 224 Kan. 698, 585 P.2d 1032.

27. No trial court errors found in review of record on appeal from convictions hereunder and of other crimes. State v. Warden, 224 Kan. 705, 585 P.2d 1038.

28. Conviction hereunder affirmed. State v. Sanders, 225 Kan. 156, 587 P.2d 906.

29. Conviction hereunder upheld; alleged errors reviewed. State v. Stewart, 225 Kan. 410, 591 P.2d 166.

30. Court's exclusion of controverted evidence for purpose of burglary charge held prejudicial error; conviction hereunder reversed. In re Nichols, 2 Kan. App. 2d 431, 436, 580 P.2d 1370.

31. Cited in upholding conviction for first degree felony murder and aggravated burglary; merger doctrine not applicable in this case; criminal trespass not a lesser offense of burglary. State v. Rupe, 226 Kan. 474, 475, 601 P.2d 675.

32. Amendment of information to include charge of felony murder upheld. State v. Foy, 227 Kan. 405, 407, 607 P.2d 481.

33. Defendant received effective assistance of counsel; sentencing of defendant proper. State v. Rice, 227 Kan. 416, 417, 607 P.2d 489.

34. Appeal from conviction hereunder; affirmed. State v. Wilson, 227 Kan. 619, 608 P.2d 1344.

35. Appeal from order waiving juvenile jurisdiction over juvenile charged hereunder. In re Edwards, 227 Kan. 723, 608 P.2d 1006.

36. "Presumption of intent" instruction examined and future use disapproved although not reversible error in this case. State v. Acheson, 3 Kan. App. 2d 705, 706, 601 P.2d 375.

37. When murder is committed during commission of felony, rule requiring instructions on lesser included offenses not applicable. State v. Purdy, 228 Kan. 264, 615 P.2d 131.

38. Evidence of underlying felony of aggravated burglary strong and conclusive; no error in failure to give lesser included instructions based upon alleged intoxication. State v. Case, 228 Kan. 733, 620 P.2d 821.

39. Expert scientific opinion must be generally accepted as reliable before received in evidence; court did not err in allowing assistant district attorney to testify. State v. Washington, 229 Kan. 47, 622 P.2d 986.

40. Probable cause for issuance of search warrants discussed; evidence insufficient to support verdicts of guilty of felony murder and aggravated burglary. State v. Williams, 229 Kan. 290, 623 P.2d 1334.

41. Confession during in-custody interrogation, absence of counsel, voluntariness—factors to consider, right to remain silent all discussed. State v. Newfield, 229 Kan. 347, 348, 623 P.2d 1349.

42. Defense not surprised by appearance of state's missing witness; two days before trial witness available for interview. State v. Jordan, 229 Kan. 558, 559, 629 P.2d 1172 (1981).

43. Insufficient evidence of specific intent to commit rape. State v. Carr, 230 Kan. 322, 634 P.2d 1104 (1981).

44. Instruction on both entering and remaining when only entering applicable held nonprejudicial error. State v. Brown, 6 Kan. App. 2d 556, 560, 630 P.2d 731 (1981).

45. Invasion of space between the outer window and inner window was sufficient to support aggravated burglary. State v. Crease, 230 Kan. 541, 638 P.2d 939 (1982).

46. Multiple charges involving three victims consolidated for trial. State v. Bagby, 231 Kan. 176, 642 P.2d 993 (1982).

47. Prohibitions against wiretapping not applicable where person who made tape recording was undercover agent and one of parties to the conversation. State v. Irving, 231 Kan. 258, 644 P.2d 389 (1982).

48. Held constitutional; legislative classification of offenses not violative of equal protection clause if reasonably related to objectives. State v. Walters, 8 Kan. App. 2d 237, 240, 655 P.2d 947 (1983).

49. Mere presence of another (victim), regardless of defendant's knowledge or intent, constitutes aggravated burglary. State v. Reed, 8 Kan. App. 2d 615, 616, 619, 663 P.2d 680 (1983).

50. Where entry obtained by fraud, deceit or pretense, entry is not authorized and without authority. State v. Maxwell, 234 Kan. 393, 397, 672 P.2d 590 (1983).

51. Pretrial voice identification considered; court may not issue ex parte order of resentencing; defendant must be present at time of sentencing. State v. Coy, 234 Kan. 414, 420, 672 P.2d 599 (1983).

52. Fingerprint identification and use of photographic evidence discussed at length. State v. Murdock, 236 Kan. 146, 689 P.2d 814 (1984).

53. Sufficiency of evidence; consolidation of charges. State v. Hanks, 236 Kan. 524, 525, 536, 694 P.2d 407 (1985).

54. Admission of evidence and testimony; sentence within statutory limits as habitual criminal upheld. State v. Cunningham, 236 Kan. 842, 846, 695 P.2d 1280 (1985).

55. Refusal to order psychiatric examination for, and use of videotaped deposition of, victim discussed. State v. Wooldridge, 237 Kan. 737, 703 P.2d 1375 (1985).

56. Polygraph tests, drunkenness, instructions on manslaughter, confession and intent discussed. State v. Mason, 238 Kan. 129, 708 P.2d 963 (1985).

57. Necessary intent may be formed at time of lawful entry or after consent to such entry is withdrawn. State v. Mogenson, 10 Kan. App. 2d 470, 472, 475, 701 P.2d 1339 (1985).

58. Evidence of prior crimes (K.S.A. 60-455), sufficiency of complaint affidavit, photographic evidence, trial consolidation discussed. State v. Breazeale, 238 Kan. 714, 714 P.2d 1356 (1986).

59. Conviction for acts committed on Indian reservation; Allen instruction, Brady evidence rule, sufficiency of evidence examined. United States v. Blandin, 784 F.2d 1048 (1986).

60. Duty to instruct on lesser crimes, use of preliminary hearing transcript, "unauthorized entry" examined. State v. Fondren, 11 Kan. App. 2d 309, 721 P.2d 284 (1986).

61. Severity of sentence, in-court identifications, photographic evidence of lineup examined. State v. Slansky, 239 Kan. 450, 720 P.2d 1054 (1986).

62. Statutory guidelines for acceptance of guilty plea (K.S.A. 22-3210) examined in K.S.A. 60-1507 proceeding. Noble v. State, 240 Kan. 162, 727 P.2d 473 (1986).

63. Testimony on incarceration, rebuttal regarding sanity, venue change, hair samples and confession in evidence, jury instructions examined. State v. Alexander, 240 Kan. 273, 729 P.2d 1126 (1986).

64. Sufficiency of evidence, competency of victim/witness, availability of witness regarding out-of-court statements (K.S.A. 60-460(b)) examined. State v. Hicks, 240 Kan. 302, 729 P.2d 1146 (1986).

65. Recommendation regarding training during incarceration, consideration of sentencing criteria examined. State v. Bennett, 240 Kan. 575, 731 P.2d 284 (1987).

66. Charges of aggravated robbery and aggravated burglary arising in single transaction are not multiplicitous under facts of case. State v. Holcomb, 240 Kan. 715, 717, 718, 732 P.2d 1272 (1987).

67. Peremptory challenges of members of defendant's minority race or group examined. State v. Hood, 242 Kan. 115, 116, 744 P.2d 816 (1987).

68. Instructions on voluntary intoxication (K.S.A. 21-3208), lesser included offenses (K.S.A. 21-3107) examined. State v. Shehan, 242 Kan. 127, 128, 744 P.2d 824 (1987).

69. Evidence available at trial of "newly discovered" evidence tending to impeach or discredit, materiality of evidence examined. Baker v. State, 243 Kan. 1, 3, 12, 755 P.2d 493 (1988).

70. Exploitation of defendant's silence after Miranda warnings as violation of due process examined. State v. Higgins, 243 Kan. 48, 49, 755 P.2d 12 (1988).

71. Application of statute to include multi-unit structures containing living quarters determined. State v. Dorsey, 13 Kan. App. 2d 286, 289, 769 P.2d 38 (1989).

72. Leaving vehicle on golf course with lights on and keys in ignition while police in pursuit considered as "abandonment" permitting search examined. State v. Brunson, 13 Kan. App. 2d 384, 385, 771 P.2d 938 (1989).

73. Right to Miranda warning and counsel during custodial interrogation, right against self-incrimination, parole status evidence, murder statute examined. State v. Hartfield, 245 Kan. 431, 432, 781 P.2d 1050 (1989).

74. Evidence of witness' drug involvement as inadmissible to impeach credibility (K.S.A. 60-241) examined. State v. Jarmon, 245 Kan. 634, 783 P.2d 1267 (1989).

75. Authority of accused to enter premises not negated by entry for unlawful purpose. State v. Harper, 246 Kan. 14, 25, 785 P.2d 1341 (1990).

76. Defendant's right to counsel at hearing on motion to modify sentence (K.S.A. 21-4603(3)) determined. State v. Pierce, 246 Kan. 183, 184, 787 P.2d 1189 (1990).

77. Reversal of aggravated robbery (K.S.A. 21-3427) conviction where "threat of bodily harm or force" not alleged determined. McLain v. State, 14 Kan. App. 2d 329, 330, 789 P.2d 1201 (1990).

78. Suggestive pretrial procedures, evidence from automobile and home, sufficiency of evidence, peremptory challenges examined. State v. Skelton, 247 Kan. 34, 795 P.2d 349 (1990).

79. Instruction on aggravated burglary erroneous where essential element of human presence omitted. State v. Crawford, 247 Kan. 223, 227, 228, 795 P.2d 401 (1990).

80. Defendant's offer of rebuttal evidence where state introduces evidence of previous sexual conduct (K.S.A. 21-3525) examined. State v. Beans, 247 Kan. 343, 800 P.2d 145 (1990).

81. Warrantless arrest, probable cause for search warrant, jury selection and instructions, gruesome photographs, hearsay testimony, sentence enhancement examined. State v. Mayberry, 248 Kan. 369, 372, 807 P.2d 86 (1991).

82. Cited where case dealt primarily with issues of instructions on lesser offenses of homicide. State v. Dixon, 248 Kan. 776, 778, 811 P.2d 1153 (1991).

83. Jury panel selection, complaining witness counsel, closing argument misconduct, insanity defense, press access to affidavits supporting probable cause examined. State v. Baker, 249 Kan. 431, 433, 819 P.2d 1173 (1991).

84. Contention that conviction hereunder should be reversed because of insufficient evidence of intent to commit two of three alternatively charged felonies without merit. State v. Richmond, 250 Kan. 375, 376, 827 P.2d 743 (1992).

85. Failure to suppress defendant statements, trial judge remarks to jury, evidence unavailable to defendant, requested instructions examined. State v. Nguyen, 251 Kan. 69, 71, 833 P.2d 937 (1992).

86. Jury selection by voter registration lists, evidence of gang membership examined. State v. Bailey, 251 Kan. 156, 158, 834 P.2d 342 (1992).

87. Jurisdiction over defendant/inmate transferred from institution and arrested in another county examined. State v. Hammond, 251 Kan. 501, 502, 837 P.2d 816 (1992).

88. Evidence supporting determination to try juvenile as adult (K.S.A. 38-1636) upheld; admission of confession, evidence of gang membership examined. State v. Hooks, 251 Kan. 755, 756, 840 P.2d 483 (1992).

89. Conviction reversed where instruction failed to state specific underlying felony or felonies and their elements. State v. Linn, 251 Kan. 797, 801, 802, 840 P.2d 1133 (1992).

90. Sufficiency of evidence examined (related first-degree murder case where bodies of victims never found). State v. Grissom, 251 Kan. 851, 899, 840 P.2d 1142 (1992).

91. Trial of juvenile as adult, selection of jury, application of rape shield statute. State v. Walker, 252 Kan. 117, 118, 843 P.2d 203 (1992).

92. Cited; defendant allowed one request for modification of sentence under K.S.A. 21-4603. State v. Smith, 17 Kan. App. 2d 746, 843 P.2d 297 (1992).

93. Jury selection, confession, gang membership, rape shield statute, photographic exhibits, trial misconduct, instructions, peremptory challenge, "Hard 40" statute, examined. State v. Walker, 252 Kan. 279, 281, 845 P.2d 1 (1993).

94. Cited; whether criminal trespass is a lesser included offense of burglary; legislative history examined. State v. Rush, 255 Kan. 672, 675, 877 P.2d 386 (1994).

95. Whether discretion abused where judge stated defendant's knowledge of human presence not essential element examined. State v. Morris, 255 Kan. 964, 986, 880 P.2d 1244 (1994).

96. Whether court erred by failing to instruct on attempted simple burglary as a lesser included offense of attempted aggravated burglary examined. State v. Watson, 256 Kan. 396, 399, 885 P.2d 1226 (1994).

97. Whether consecutive sentences required when defendant assigned to community corrections commits new felony; whether action departure discussed. State v. Howard, 20 Kan. App. 2d 252, 253, 885 P.2d 1273 (1994).

98. No error in trial court's failure to set out statutory elements of underlying felonies in aggravated battery jury instructions. State v. Hill, 257 Kan. 774, 788, 895 P.2d 1238 (1995).

99. Requires proof of specific intent; specific intent distinguished from general intent. State v. Esher, 22 Kan. App. 2d 779, 783, 922 P.2d 1123 (1996).

100. Evidence sufficient for aggravated robbery conviction where defendant removes items from victim's body after killing victim. State v. Holt, 260 Kan. 33, 42, 917 P.2d 1332 (1996).

101. Witness alleged lack of credibility did not render evidence insufficient for aggravated burglary conviction. State v. Abel, 261 Kan. 331, 337, 932 P.2d 952 (1997).

102. Evidence sufficient to prove defendant guilty of underlying felonies in felony-murder conviction. State v. Noriega, 261 Kan. 440, 446, 449, 932 P.2d 940 (1997).

103. No abuse of discretion in imposing same sentence as originally imposed; appellant not eligible for retroactive application of sentencing guidelines. State v. Goodwin, 261 Kan. 961, 933 P.2d 689 (1997).

104. Burglary conviction reversed based on insufficient evidence supporting element of entry to building without authority. State v. Johnson, 266 Kan. 322, 326, 970 P.2d 990 (1998).

105. In aggravated burglary case involving theft of tools, negligence of police in losing tools does not release defendant from liability for making restitution. State v. Sammons, 31 Kan. App. 2d 135, 61 P.3d 106 (2003).

106. Order of restitution affirmed where tools taken by defendant placed in defendant's truck, truck towed to parking lot by police, but tools never recovered. State v. Sammons, 276 Kan. 574, 78 P.3d 470 (2003).

107. In prosecution for burglary, no requirement that structure be occupied at time of defendant's entry; sufficient if structure becomes occupied sometime during course of burglary. State v. Romero, 31 Kan. App. 2d 609, 69 P.3d 205 (2003).

108. Entering business from enclosed mall is entering building for purposes of aggravated burglary. State v. Vinyard, 2 Kan. App. 2d 39, 78 P.3d 1196 (2003).

109. Gang slaying affirmed; victim sustained 16 gun shot wounds plus one stab wound. State v. Ly, 277 Kan. 386, 85 P.3d 1200 (2004).

110. Assignment to Labette Correctional Conservation Camp as condition of probation does not satisfy assignment to community corrections requirement of section. State v. Banning, 34 Kan. App. 2d 783, 125 P.3d 573 (2005).

111. Discussed regarding multiplicity of convictions. State v. Pham, 281 Kan. 1227, 1262, 136 P.3d 919 (2006).

112. Under the same-elements test, convictions for aggravated burglary hereunder and robbery under K.S.A. 21-3426 are not multiplicitous. State v. Smith, 36 Kan. App. 2d 606, 611, 142 P.3d 739 (2006).

113. Phrases "entering into" and "remaining within" elements of crime discussed and applied. State v. Gutierrez, 285 Kan. 332, 336, 172 P.3d 18 (2007).

114. Charge hereunder, state must prove beyond reasonable doubt that defendant's entry is without authority. State v. Birth, 37 Kan. App. 2d 753, 758, 776, 158 P.3d 345 (2007).

115. Section mentioned in case involving enhanced sentence pursuant to K.S.A. 21-4504. State v. Kimsey, 38 Kan. App. 2d 319, 322, 164 P.3d 841 (2007).

116. Mentioned; statute of limitation held to have run in cases involving nameless warrant containing DNA references. State v. Belt, 285 Kan. 949, 959, 179 P.3d 443 (2008).

117. Burglary in unfinished medical center upheld; "building" and "dwelling" construed. State v. Storey, 286 Kan. 7, 15, 179 P.3d 1137 (2008).

118. Presence of a person in a structure at any time during a burglary constitutes aggravated burglary. State v. May, 39 Kan. App. 2d 990, 992, 994, 186 P.3d 847 (2008).


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