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60-402. Scope of rules. Except to the extent to which they may be relaxed by other procedural rule or statute applicable to the specific situation, the rules set forth in this article shall apply in every proceeding, both criminal and civil, conducted by or under the supervision of a court, in which evidence is produced.

History: L. 1963, ch. 303, 60-402; January 1, 1964.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

Quoted and discussed with reference to husband-wife privilege, Ross R. Freeman, 6 W.L.J. 144, 156, 158 (1966).

The rules of evidence of chapter 60 are arguably applicable in juvenile proceedings, Richard H. Seaton, 16 K.L.R. 277, 280 (1968).

"The Lawyer in Juvenile Court," Harvey Berenson, 38 J.B.A.K. 15, 17 (1969).

"Survey of Kansas Law: Evidence," Spencer A. Gard, 27 K.L.R. 225, 240 (1979).

"The New Kansas Law Regarding Admissibility of Child-Victim Hearsay Statements," G. Joseph Pierron, 52 J.K.B.A. 88, 92 (1983).

"Res Gestae Raises Its Ugly Head," Dennis D. Prater and Virginia M. Klemme, 65 J.K.B.A. No. 8, 24 (1996).

"On the Admissibility of Expert Testimony in Kansas," Mark D. Hinderks and Steve Leben, 66 J.K.B.A. No. 9, 24 (1997).

"Other Misconduct Evidence," Christopher M. Joseph, 49 K.L.R. 145 (2000).

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Rules of evidence apply in all cases, civil and criminal, except when modified by rule or statute. State v. McCarther, 197 K. 275, 286, 416 P.2d 290.

2. Rules of evidence applicable to every proceeding, except where modified. State v. Darling, 197 K. 471, 477, 419 P.2d 836.

3. Mentioned; admissibility in evidence of similar offenses in criminal action; 60-455 applied. State v. Jarvis, 201 K. 678, 681, 443 P.2d 272.

4. Codification of rules of evidence govern, notwithstanding prior case law which may be inconsistent. State v. Jones, 204 K. 719, 728, 466 P.2d 283.

5. Hearsay evidence, though technically inadmissible, may form basis for probable cause in preliminary hearing if substantial basis for credibility. State v. Cremer, 8 K.A.2d 699, 702, 666 P.2d 1200 (1983).

6. Cited in dissent where majority found error in prohibiting cross-examination of defendant regarding refusal to testify at earlier trial of fellow defendant. State v. Nott, 234 K. 34, 55, 669 P.2d 660 (1983).

7. Rules apply in preliminary examinations under 22-2902 except to extent relaxed by other court rules or statutes. State v. Cremer, 234 K. 594, 597, 600, 676 P.2d 59 (1984).

8. Cited; plaintiff's burden in product liability case where needle believed to be in loaf of bread examined. Hazelton v. Safeway Stores, Inc., 12 K.A.2d 377, 384, 745 P.2d 309 (1987).

9. Noted in holding that materiality is not an element of perjury but must be determined by judge as a matter of law. State v. Rollins, 264 K. 466, 474, 957 P.2d 438 (1998).

10. Kansas evidentiary rules apply in all proceedings unless exempted elsewhere in statute. State v. Page, 303 K. 548, 556, 363 P.3d 391 (2015).


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