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72-6146. School security officers and campus police officers. (a) The board of education of any school district or the board of trustees of any community college may employ school security officers, and may designate any one or more of such school security officers as a campus police officer, to aid and supplement law enforcement agencies of the state and of the city and county in which the school district or community college is located.

(b) The protective function of school security officers shall extend to all property of the school district or community college and the protection of students, teachers and other employees together with the property of such persons on or in any school or community college property or areas adjacent thereto, or while attending or located at the site of any school or community college-sponsored function. While engaged in the protective functions specified in this section, each school security officer shall possess and exercise all general law enforcement powers, rights, privileges, protections and immunities in every county in which there is located any part of the territory of the school district or community college.

(c) The protective function of campus police officers shall extend to all property of the school district or community college and the protection of students, teachers and other employees together with the property of such persons on or in any school or community college property or areas adjacent thereto, or while attending or located at the site of any school or community college-sponsored function. While engaged in the protective functions specified in this section, each campus police officer shall possess and exercise all general law enforcement powers, rights, privileges, protections and immunities in every county in which there is located any part of the territory of the school district or community college, provided that such officer does not violate the memorandum of understanding approved by the superintendent of the school district pursuant to K.S.A. 72-6143(i), and amendments thereto.

(d) In addition to enforcement of state law, county resolutions and city ordinances, campus police officers shall enforce rules and regulations and rules and policies of the board of trustees or school board, whether or not violation thereof constitutes a criminal offense. While on duty, campus police officers shall wear and display publicly a badge of office. No such badge shall be required to be worn by any plain clothes investigator or departmental administrator, but any such officer shall present proper credentials and identification when required in the performance of such officer's duties. In performance of any of the powers, duties and functions authorized by this section, K.S.A. 22-2401a, and amendments thereto, or any other law, campus police officers shall have the same rights, protections and immunities afforded other law enforcement officers.

(e) The board of education of each school district shall adopt a policy providing for notification of a student's parents or guardians whenever the student is taken into custody by a campus police officer.

History: L. 1969, ch. 363, § 1; L. 1976, ch. 321, § 1; L. 1987, ch. 277, § 1; L. 2004, ch. 48, § 7; L. 2016, ch. 46, § 57; L. 2022, ch. 92, § 8; July 1.

Source or Prior Law:

72-8222.

Revisor's Note:

Section was also amended by L. 2022, ch. 78, § 8, but that version was repealed by L. 2022, ch. 92, § 9.

Attorney General's Opinions:

School security officers. 86-139.

Unified school districts; reports of criminal acts to law enforcement agencies. 1998-59.

Jurisdiction of school law enforcement officer based on location, as well as control or ownership of property. 2002-39.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Individual engaging in unofficial narcotics investigation is not exempted from weapons violation because he is a school security guard. State v. Hargis, 5 Kan. App. 2d 608, 610, 620 P.2d 1181.

2. School security officer is not a law enforcement officer; no requirement for Miranda warning. In re L.A., 270 Kan. 879, 19 P.3d 172 (2001).


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