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79-1460. Notification of taxpayer of change in classification or appraised valuation of property, contents; duties of appraiser regarding valuation increase of commercial real property; amendment of appraisal rolls by county appraiser; guide to the property tax appeals process. (a) The county appraiser shall notify each taxpayer in the county annually on or before March 1 for real property and May 1 for personal property, by mail directed to the taxpayer's last known address, of the classification and appraised valuation of the taxpayer's property, except that, the valuation for all real property shall not be increased unless the record of the latest physical inspection was reviewed by the county or district appraiser, and documentation exists to support such increase in valuation in compliance with the directives and specifications of the director of property valuation, and such record and documentation is available to the affected taxpayer. The valuation for all real property also shall not be increased solely as the result of normal repair, replacement or maintenance of existing structures, equipment or improvements on the property. For purposes of this section, "normal repair, replacement or maintenance" does not include new construction as defined in this section. For the next two taxable years following the taxable year that the valuation for commercial real property has been reduced due to a final determination made pursuant to the valuation appeals process, the county appraiser shall review the computer-assisted mass-appraisal of the property and if the valuation in either of those two years exceeds the value of the previous year by more than 5%, excluding new construction, change in use or change in classification, the county appraiser shall either: (1) Adjust the valuation of the property based on the information provided in the previous appeal; or (2) order an independent fee simple appraisal of the property to be performed by a Kansas certified real property appraiser. As used in this section, "new construction" means the construction of any new structure or improvements or the remodeling or renovation of any existing structures or improvements on real property. When the valuation for real property has been reduced due to a final determination made pursuant to the valuation appeals process for the prior year, and the county appraiser has already certified the appraisal rolls for the current year to the county clerk pursuant to K.S.A. 79-1466, and amendments thereto, the county appraiser may amend the appraisal rolls and certify the changes to the county clerk to implement the provisions of this subsection and reduce the valuation of the real property to the prior year's final determination, except that such changes shall not be made after October 31 of the current year. For the purposes of this section and in the case of real property, the term "taxpayer" shall be deemed to be the person in ownership of the property as indicated on the records of the office of register of deeds or county clerk and, in the case where the real property or improvement thereon is the subject of a lease agreement, such term shall also be deemed to include the lessee of such property if the lease agreement has been recorded or filed in the office of the register of deeds. Such notice shall specify separately both the previous and current appraised and assessed values for each property class identified on the parcel. Such notice shall also contain the uniform parcel identification number prescribed by the director of property valuation. Such notice shall also contain a statement of the taxpayer's right to appeal, the procedure to be followed in making such appeal and the availability without charge of the guide devised pursuant to subsection (b). Such notice may, and if the board of county commissioners so require, shall provide the parcel identification number, address and the sale date and amount of any or all sales utilized in the determination of appraised value of residential real property. In any year in which no change in appraised valuation of any real property from its appraised valuation in the next preceding year is determined, an alternative form of notification which has been approved by the director of property valuation may be utilized by a county. Failure to timely mail or receive such notice shall in no way invalidate the classification or appraised valuation as changed. The secretary of revenue shall adopt rules and regulations necessary to implement the provisions of this section.

(b) For all taxable years commencing after December 31, 1999, there shall be provided to each taxpayer, upon request, a guide to the property tax appeals process. The director of the division of property valuation shall devise and publish such guide, and shall provide sufficient copies thereof to all county appraisers. Such guide shall include but not be limited to: (1) A restatement of the law which pertains to the process and practice of property appraisal methodology, including the contents of K.S.A. 79-503a and 79-1460, and amendments thereto; (2) the procedures of the appeals process, including the order and burden of proof of each party and time frames required by law; and (3) such other information deemed necessary to educate and enable a taxpayer to properly and competently pursue an appraisal appeal.

History: L. 1982, ch. 391, § 7; L. 1985, ch. 314, § 9; L. 1987, ch. 376, § 1; L. 1988, ch. 377, § 2; L. 1990, ch. 90, § 5; L. 1991, ch. 279, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 282, § 4; L. 1994, ch. 275, § 1; L. 1997, ch. 126, § 28; L. 1999, ch. 123, § 4; L. 1999, ch. 126, § 6; L. 2005, ch. 161, § 1; L. 2014, ch. 141, § 11; L. 2016, ch. 112, § 15; L. 2021, ch. 9, § 2; July 1.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"Reappraisal — How Long Will It Last?" Bruce Landeck, 58 J.K.B.A. No. 1, 15, 18 (1989).

"Survey of Kansas Law: Taxation," Sandra Craig McKenzie, 41 K.L.R. 727, 730 (1993).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Notification to taxpayer of change of classification or appraised valuation of property for tax year 1990. 90-51.

Physical inspection of property for change of classification or appraised valuation, tax year 1990; drive-by inspections. 90-53.

Change in property valuation for tax purposes. 90-82.

Property assessments; appraisals and valuations; installation and maintenance of records; open to public inspection. 91-145.

Powers and duties of director of property valuation. 91-148.

Notice to taxpayer of change in appraised valuation of property; effect of appraiser's failure to conduct final review. 92-13.

Taxpayer appeals from property classification and valuation; hearings; notice of final determination. 93-92.

Use of real estate ratio study as evidence of fair market value for tax purposes. 94-69.

Valuation of property; increase in year following reduction on appeal; effect of section. 95-71.

Valuation of real property; change in value without physical inspection. 96-81.


1. Whether county commission's action increasing appraised valuations without complying with section's requirements renders action illegal tax levy examined. Kansans for Fair Taxation, Inc. v. Miller, 20 K.A.2d 470, 474, 889 P.2d 154 (1995).

2. Noted in action upholding state agency termination of county appraiser for just cause. Kennedy v. Board of Shawnee County Comm'rs, 264 K. 776, 780, 784, 958 P.2d 637 (1998).

3. Oil lease experiencing production decline late in year previous to assessment properly valued by consideration of post-January production data. Board of Ness County Commr's v. Bankoff Oil Co., 265 K. 525, 543, 960 P.2d 1279 (1998).

4. When a taxpayer has won an appeal for property tax purposes, the county may not increase the valuation for the next year unless the county provides documented, compelling and substantial reasons. In re Protests of Oakhill Land Co., 46 K.A.2d 1105, 269 P.3d 876 (2012).

5. A court ruling that reduces the fair market value for a property causes the next year's fair market value to be based on the reduced value. In re Equalization Appeal of Tallgrass Prairie Holdings, 50 K.A.2d 635, 644, 333 P.3d 899 (2014).

6. 2014 version of statute violates section 1 of article 11 of the constitution of the state of Kansas to the extent that the statute prevents county appraisers from valuing taxable real property at its fair market value in the current tax year; unconstitutional provisions are severable. Board of Johnson Cnty. Comm'rs v. Jordan, 303 K. 844, 869, 871, 370 P.3d 1170 (2016).

7. A county cannot increase a taxpayer's property value during the tax year following a successful tax appeal, but the county is not prevented from lowering the value. In re Equalization Appeal of Wagner, 304 K. 587, 601, 372 P.3d 1226 (2016).

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