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8-2003. Secretary of transportation to adopt sign manual. The secretary of transportation shall adopt a manual and specifications for a uniform system of traffic-control devices consistent with the provisions of this act for use upon highways within this state. Such uniform system shall correlate with and so far as possible conform to the system set forth in the most recent edition of the manual on uniform traffic-control devices for streets and highways and other standards issued or endorsed by the federal highway administrator.

History: L. 1974, ch. 33, § 8-2003; L. 1975, ch. 427, § 53; August 15.

Source or prior law:


Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"Railroads—What Constitutes an 'Adequate Safeguard' at Crossings," Timothy Chambers, 15 W.L.J. 185, 188 (1976).

"A Practitioner's Guide to the Kansas Tort Claims Act," Jerry R. Palmer, 48 J.B.A.K. 299, 305 (1979).

"Liability of Municipality for Negligent Maintenance of Streets," Joel K. Goldman," 2 J.K.T.L.A. No. 5, 5, 6 (1979).

"Survey of Kansas Law: Torts," William Edward Westerbeke, 33 K.L.R. 1, 70 (1984).

"The Kansas Tort Claims Act: The Evolving Parameters of Governmental Tort Liability," Terri Savely Bezek, 66 J.K.B.A. No. 8, 30 (1997).

Attorney General's Opinions:

When passing on the right permitted. 86-144.

Portable stop signs; used only in emergencies. 87-77.


1. Applied; adoption of manual pursuant to statute together with applicable law imposed duty on company to erect crossbuck signs on both sides of track. Waits v. St. Louis-San Francisco Rly. Co., 216 Kan. 160, 173, 531 P.2d 22.

2. Mentioned in action brought pursuant to K.S.A. 68-419; judgment awarding damages for defect in highway affirmed. Schaeffer v. Kansas Dept. of Transportation, 227 Kan. 509, 512, 608 P.2d 1309.

3. Tort Claims Act does not as a matter of law exempt government from liability for failure to provide highway signs. Carpenter v. Johnson, 231 Kan. 783, 787, 649 P.2d 400 (1982).

4. No statutory guidelines concerning types of traffic control devices relating to emergency situations. Turnbull v. Byram, 235 Kan. 891, 899, 684 P.2d 429 (1984).

5. County's duty to place warning signs at rural intersection and clear away brush discretionary. Toumberlin v. Haas, 236 Kan. 138, 140, 689 P.2d 808 (1984).

6. Cited; duties of counties and townships to provide road signs under tort claims act (K.S.A. 75-6101 et seq.) examined. Finkbiner v. Clay County, 238 Kan. 856, 859, 714 P.2d 1380 (1986).

7. Warning sign concerning depth of water at county bridge over rural creek. Collins v. Board of Douglas County Comm'rs, 249 Kan. 712, 714, 716, 822 P.2d 1042 (1991).

8. Railroad's common law duty to warn of dangerous crossing not affected by statute. Hatfield v. Burlington Northern R. Co., 757 F. Supp. 1198, 1208 (1991).

9. Manual on uniform traffic-control devices does not establish standards for placement of protected left-turn signals. Force v. City of Lawrence, 17 Kan. App. 2d 90, 94, 838 P.2d 896 (1992).

10. Obscured stop sign not cause of injury; negligence in the air theory not actionable in Kansas. Lay v. Kansas Dept. of Transportation, 23 Kan. App. 2d 211, 213, 928 P.2d 920 (1996).

11. County's decision to place traffic sign on road was discretionary function for tort claims purposes. Kastendieck v. Board of County Comr's, 934 F. Supp. 387, 392 (1996).

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