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12-4101. Title. This act is called and may be cited as the Kansas code of procedure for municipal courts.

History: L. 1973, ch. 61, § 12-4101; April 1, 1974.

Cross References to Related Sections:

"Police court" and "police judge" construed as referring to "municipal court" and "municipal judge," see 12-1109.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"An Additudinal Study of Kansas' Two-Tier Trial System," Michael Kaye, Fred Yaffe, 54 J.K.B.A. 212 (1985).

"Municipal Corporations: Home Rule—The Power of Local Self-Government and the Effect of State Enabling Legislation [Blevins v. Hiebert, 247 Kan. 1, 795 P.2d 325 (1990)]," Tonya L. O'Hern, 30 W.L.J. 554, 560 (1991).

"Home Rule in a Nutshell," Sandra Craig McKenzie, 48 K.L.R. 1005 (2000).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Municipal court procedure; costs; home rule powers. 82-161.

Municipal court jurisdiction. 83-79.

Municipal courts have jurisdiction to hear ordinance violations that could be prosecuted as a felony in district court. 2007-26.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Cited; the right to a speedy trial is applicable to criminal cases appealed to district courts from municipal court convictions. City of Overland Park v. Fricke, 226 Kan. 496, 499, 601 P.2d 1130.

2. City ordinance providing for mandatory sentencing with no probation violates Code of Procedure for Municipal Courts and is void. City of Junction City v. Griffin, 226 Kan. 516, 601 P.2d 684. Opinion withdrawn on rehearing: Code held to be nonuniform and subject to cities' power of home rule. City of Junction City v. Griffin, 227 Kan. 332, 333, 336, 337, 339, 607 P.2d 459.

3. Verified complaint not required for DUI prosecution for violation of municipal ordinance. City of Tonganoxie v. Jack, 13 Kan. App. 2d 718, 722, 779 P.2d 34 (1989).

4. Authority to opt out of nonuniform state law (arterial highway act, K.S.A. 68-580 et seq.) examined. Blevins v. Hiebert, 247 Kan. 1, 8, 795 P.2d 325 (1990).

5. Municipal court's judgment is effective when announced; time for appeal commences upon announcement. City of Lenexa v. Higgins, 16 Kan. App. 2d 499, 500, 502, 825 P.2d 1152 (1992).

6. Code of procedure for municipal courts not uniform and city may use home rule to opt out. Farha v. City of Wichita, 284 Kan. 507, 510, 511, 514, 515, 523, 161 P.3d 717 (2007).


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