KANSAS OFFICE of
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38-1502.

History: L. 1982, ch. 182, § 2; L. 1983, ch. 140, § 12; L. 1984, ch. 153, § 1; L. 1985, ch. 144, § 1; L. 1986, ch. 158, § 2; L. 1987, ch. 112, § 36; L. 1988, ch. 138, § 1; L. 1989, ch. 95, § 7; L. 1990, ch. 146, § 2; L. 1990, ch. 150, § 4; L. 1992, ch. 318, § 7; L. 1994, ch. 270, § 3; L. 1994, ch. 337, § 1; L. 1996, ch. 214, § 38; L. 1998, ch. 139, § 1; L. 1999, ch. 156, § 4; L. 2000, ch. 150, § 3; L. 2001, ch. 211, § 10; L. 2002, ch. 36, § 1; Repealed, L. 2006, ch. 200, § 120; January 1, 2007.

Revisor's Note:

Section was amended twice in 1985 session, see also 38-1502a.

Section was amended twice in the 1996 session, see also 38-1502b.

Section was amended twice in the 1998 session; see also 38-1502c.

Section was also amended by L. 1999, ch. 116, § 42, but that version was repealed by L. 1999, ch. 156, § 29.

Section was amended twice in the 2000 session, see also 38-1502d.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"Home Education v. Compulsory Attendance Laws: Whose Kids Are They Anyway?" David Allen Peterson, 24 W.L.J. 274, 295 (1985).

"CASA: A Voice for Children," Derenda Mitchell, 58 J.K.B.A. No. 5, 28, 29 (1989).

"An Alternative for Grandparents Seeking Custody: Proceedings under Kansas Code for Care of Children," Michael W. Laster, XIII J.K.T.L.A. No. 5, 21 (1990).

"Forensic Psychiatry: Less Typical Applications," Roy B. Lacoursiere, M.D., 30 W.L.J. 29, 35 (1990).

"Family Law: An End to the Parental Preference Doctrine in Parent-Nonparent Custody Disputes? [ In re Marriage of Criqui , 14 Kan. App. 2d 672, 798 P.2d 69 (1990)]," Karl N. Hesse, 30 W.L.J. 538, 540 (1991).

"Home Schooling in Kansas: Friend or Foe," David S. Adams, 63 J.K.B.A. No. 2, 30, 36 (1994).

"The Effect of Domestic Violence on Parental Rights in Kansas after In re Adoption of A.P.," Amy E. Wilbur, 39 W.L.J. 288 (2000).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Investigation of reports of suspected child abuse or neglect. 85-150.

School attendance, curriculum and accreditation; responsibility to investigate home instruction. 85-159.

Postadjudicatory proceedings; duties of county attorney. 86-3.

Chronic runaways; placement in secure facilities. 88-130.

Exceptional children; compulsory school attendance; duty to investigate and file petition. 90-19.

Reporting of certain abuse or neglect of a child; pregnancy. 92-48.

Code for care of children; mandatory abuse reporting statute. 93-90.

U.S.D. may not suspend or expel a pupil for truancy. 97-38.

Jurisdiction of municipal courts and district courts to hear cases involving violations of city ordinances and county resolutions by persons under the age of 18 which are not violations if committed by adults. 97-77.

Child under 18 taken into custody by law enforcement officers; transfer of custody; order of court. 98-4.

Municipal courts: disclosure of records of juvenile charged with tobacco ordinance infraction. 1998-36.

Attorney fees assessed in child in need of care actions are not civil judgments and cannot be collected as such. 1999-61.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Cited in holding unaccredited "home school" taught by uncertified teacher-mother with no testing, planning or scheduling not school under K.S.A. 72-1111. In re Sawyer, 234 Kan. 436, 438, 672 P.2d 1093 (1983).

2. Cited in holding incapacitated parent entitles to service on guardian and conservator (K.S.A. 60-304(c)) in severance proceedings. In re Baby Boy Bryant, 9 Kan. App. 2d 768, 772, 774, 689 P.2d 1203 (1984).

3. Cited; findings required in order after determining child in need of care (K.S.A. 38-1563) examined. In re A.B., 12 Kan. App. 2d 391, 393, 746 P.2d 96 (1987).

4. One cannot be legal guardian unless made an interested party, or status as guardian requested. In re A.F., 13 Kan. App. 2d 232, 239, 767 P.2d 846 (1989).

5. Voluntary termination of parental rights (K.S.A. 38-125 et seq.) as also terminating obligation to support noted; "parent" defined. State ex rel. Secretary of SRS v. Clear, 248 Kan. 109, 117, 804 P.2d 961 (1991).

6. Court-appointed special advocate (CASA) not afforded interested party status as defined herein. In re D.D.P., Jr., 249 Kan. 529, 540, 819 P.2d 1212 (1991).

7. Cited in holding appeal from denial of motion to terminate parental rights appealable as an order of disposition. In re T.D.W., 18 Kan. App. 2d 286, 288, 850 P.2d 947 (1993).

8. Cited; whether defendant had specific intent to aid child in avoiding police apprehension examined. State v. Ferris, 19 Kan. App. 2d 180, 182, 865 P.2d 1058 (1994).

9. Whether court has power to dictate a specific placement of child in SRS custody examined. In re C.C., 19 Kan. App. 2d 906, 908, 878 P.2d 865 (1994).

10. Whether one parent may institute proceedings under the KCCC (K.S.A. 38-1501 et seq.) to terminate other parent's parental rights examined. In re N.D.G., 20 Kan. App. 2d 17, 22, 883 P.2d 89 (1994).

11. Level of unfitness necessary in successful child in need of care proceeding does not rise to level necessary to terminate parental rights. In re R.C., 21 Kan. App. 2d 702, 710, 907 P.2d 901 (1995).

12. Agreement by parents that noncustodial parent's rights should be terminated for lack of contact with child upheld. In re C.D.W., 24 Kan. App. 2d 456, 458, 946 P.2d 100 (1997).

13. Individuals with whom a child is residing are necessary and "interested parties" in adoption action and must be given notice and right to be heard. In re M.K., 31 Kan. App. 2d 24, 59 P.3d 335 (2002).

14. Great aunt not an interested party and has no right to appeal. In re S.C., 32 Kan. App. 2d 514, 85 P.3d 224 (2004).

15. Prior CINC adjudication might support a termination for unfitness but creates no presumption in a general CINC proceeding. In re J.D.C., 284 Kan. 155, 171, 159 P.3d 974 (2007).

16. Father dismisses court appointed attorney, requests pro se representation then requests counsel on trial day, denial not error. In re J.A.H., 285 Kan. 375, 377, 172 P.3d 1 (2007).

17. Cited in upholding constitutionality of CINC; safeguards against arbitrary enforcement listed. In re A.F., 38 Kan. App. 2d 773, 777, 172 P.3d 66 (2007).

18. Cited; consensual appointment of permanent guardian under K.S.A. 38-1587 does not terminate parent's obligation to support child. State ex rel. Secretary of SRS v. Bohrer, 286 Kan. 898, 908 to 910, 916, 918 to 920, 189 P.3d 1157 (2008).

19. Indian child welfare act was not followed in child in need of care case; case remanded. In re M.F., 41 Kan. App. 2d 927, 206 P.3d 57 (2009).


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