KANSAS OFFICE of
  REVISOR of STATUTES

  

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58-2222. Same; filing imparts notice. Every such instrument in writing, certified and recorded in the manner hereinbefore prescribed, shall, from the time of filing the same with the register of deeds for record, impart notice to all persons of the contents thereof; and all subsequent purchasers and mortgagees shall be deemed to purchase with notice.

History: G.S. 1868, ch. 22, ยง 20; October 31; R.S. 1923, 67-222.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

Symposium on statutes of limitation, 9 K.L.R. 179, 189 (1960).

Survey of Kansas law on real and personal property ?1965-1969), 18 K.L.R. 427, 436 (1970).

"Kansas' Marketable Record Title Act," Christel E. Marquardt, 13 W.L.J. 33, 46 (1974).

Survey of property law, Mark Corder and William J. Paprota, 15 W.L.J. 387, 388 (1976).

Operation and effect of recording statutes, 17 W.L.J. 615 (1978).

"Survey of Kansas Law: Oil and Gas," Edward Larson, 27 K.L.R. 277, 279 (1979).

"Survey of Kansas Law: Real and Personal Property," Deanell R. Tacha, 27 K.L.R. 283, 284 (1979).

"Survey on Kansas Easements Law," R. Scott Shackelford, 62 J.K.B.A. No. 2, 24, 26 (1993).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Assessment of mortgage registration tax on future advances clause. 86-79.

Mortgage registration and intangibles; mortgage registration; instruments subject thereto. 87-162.

Recordation of death certificates with county register of deeds; open public records. 91-87.

Real estate foreclosure and sale by county; recordation; filing fees; purchase by county or city. 91-90.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Record imparts notice although abstracter says no instrument recorded. Traders Bank v. Myers, 3 K.A. 636, 647, 44 P. 292.

2. "Judgment creditor" held not a "purchaser" under old act. Swarts et al., v. Stees and Bryan & Hardcastle, 2 K. 236, 241.

3. Section is not retroactive; false representations by vendor. Claggett v. Crall, 12 K. 393, 397.

4. Knowledge of equitable interest carries notice disclosed by record. Jones v. Lapham, 15 K. 540, 546.

5. Record of instrument not entitled to record imparts no notice. Wickersham v. Chicago Zinc Co., 18 K. 481, 487.

6. Instrument filed considered as recorded; not responsible for register's delay. Poplin v. Mendell, 27 K. 138, 155, 156, 159.

7. Record of deed imparts notice to all persons interested. Burdette v. Corgan, 27 K. 275, 283.

8. Title, how controlled by record and treated by courts. Wilkins v. Tourtellott, 28 K. 825. Modified: Wilkins v. Tourtellott, 29 K. 513.

9. Purchaser at sheriff's sale protected against unrecorded deeds and mortgages; deed filed, but never recorded, held to impart notice; exceptions. Lee v. Bermingham, 30 K. 312, 1 P. 73.

10. Tax deed filed for record imparts notice of its contents. Smith v. Jones, 37 K. 292, 295, 15 P. 185.

11. Recording acts give priority of lien to recorded mortgage. Hayner & Co. v. Eberhardt, 37 K. 308, 313, 15 P. 168.

12. Equitable title founded on contract not acknowledged; subsequent purchaser. Sanford v. Weeks, 38 K. 319, 324, 16 P. 465.

13. Quitclaim deed duly recorded will prevail over prior unrecorded deed. Merrill v. Hutchinson, 45 K. 59, 63, 25 P. 215.

14. Quitclaim deed recorded takes priority over unrecorded tax deed. Davenport v. Sadler, 48 K. 311, 318, 29 P. 168.

15. Recital of a prior mortgage in recorded deed; notice. Taylor v. Mitchell, 58 K. 194, 195, 48 P. 859.

16. Purchaser of land; recorded lease; mistake of copyist; notice. Zeiner v. Edgar, 79 K. 406, 407, 99 P. 614.

17. Recording deed regular on face not notice of fraudulent conveyance. Underwood v. Fosha, 96 K. 549, 152 P. 638.

18. Purchaser charged with notice by recitals in recorded deed. Bacon v. Lederbrand, 98 K. 631, 633, 160 P. 1029.

19. Mortgage recorded, assignment unrecorded; second mortgage; priority of liens. Middlekauff v. Bell, 111 K. 206, 207, 207 P. 184.

20. Section considered in determining record as notice where wrong premises described. Hollinger v. Imperial Warehouse Co., 122 K. 709, 715, 253 P. 215.

21. Statute has particular reference to real property. Hayhurst v. Underwood, 126 K. 349, 351, 267 P. 965.

22. No constructive notice to interest acquired prior to filing. Dwelle v. Home Realty & Inv. Co., 134 K. 520, 524, 7 P.2d 522.

23. Instruments recorded held not to notify cotenants of adverse possession. Schwab v. Wyss, 136 K. 54, 60, 12 P.2d 719.

24. Failure to record release of mortgage not within section. State v. Wingett, 136 K. 436, 441, 16 P.2d 486.

25. Burden of proving lack of consideration is upon party attacking deed. Chisholm v. Snider, 145 K. 573, 578, 66 P.2d 573.

26. Substantial consideration brings conveyance under act; last conveyance, recorded prior, superior. Hyndman v. Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, 146 K. 34, 38, 68 P.2d 645.

27. Junior mortgagee not party to foreclosure proceeding; right to foreclose unaffected. Motor Equipment Co. v. Winters, 146 K. 127, 132, 136, 69 P.2d 23.

28. Recorded mortgage has priority over previously executed unrecorded deed, consideration. Farmers & Merchants State Bank v. Higgins, 149 K. 783, 787, 89 P.2d 916.

29. Mentioned; oil lease held to have terminated under provisions of 55-205. Peatling v. Baird, 168 K. 528, 536, 213 P.2d 1015.

30. Recorded unacknowledged revocation of power of attorney does not impart notice. Horney v. Buffenbarger, 169 K. 342, 347, 219 P.2d 345.

31. Grantee in possession under recorded deed not estopped by knowledge of later deed. Brungardt v. Smith, 178 K. 629, 638, 290 P.2d 1039.

32. Mechanic's lien superior where construction commenced after mortgage executed but before mortgage recorded. Davis-Wellcome Mortgage Co. v. Long-Bell Lumber Co., 184 K. 202, 205, 208, 336 P.2d 463; Davis-Wellcome Mortgage Co. v. Long-Bell Lumber Co., 184 K. 209, 336 P.2d 469.

33. Mentioned in defining phrase "owners of record" as used in 12-6a04. Rostine v. City of Hutchinson, 191 K. 523, 526, 382 P.2d 474.

34. Oil and gas leasehold mortgage filed as realty fixed lien, when. Riverview State Bank v. Ernest, 198 F.2d 876, 879, 880.

35. Duty of condemnor to ascertain parties. Dotson v. State Highway Commission, 198 K. 671, 675, 426 P.2d 138.

36. Enforcement of unrecorded oil and gas leasehold interest against debtor and attaching creditor; enforcement of unrecorded assignment of oil and gas leasehold interest; exclusion from U.C.C. provisions. Ingram v. Ingram, 214 K. 415, 421, 422, 424, 521 P.2d 254.

37. Belief of ownership concept of K.S.A. 60-503 applied; constructive notice hereunder does not prevent a possessor of land from claiming under belief of ownership. Wallace v. Magie, 214 K. 481, 486, 522 P.2d 989.

38. Assignment of working interest in oil lease valid; proper recording; constructive notice to subsequent purchasers. Luthi v. Evans, 1 K.A.2d 114, 118, 120, 122, 562 P.2d 127. Reversed: 223 K. 622, 627, 628, 630, 576 P.2d 1064.

39. Cited; duly recorded instrument improperly indexed imparts constructive notice. Carnation Co. v. Midstates Marketers, Inc., 2 K.A.2d 236, 239, 577 P.2d 827.

40. Assignment of "all of grantor's property" in certain county valid as between parties to instrument; ineffective as to subsequent purchasers without knowledge. Luthi v. Evans, 223 K. 622, 627, 628, 630, 576 P.2d 1064.

41. Fact that deed may not have been properly indexed by register of deeds does not prevent constructive notice. Hildebrandt v. Hildebrandt, 9 K.A.2d 614, 617, 683 P.2d 1288 (1984).

42. Cited; mechanic's lien holder should secure personal judgment and foreclosure in same action. Home State Bank v. P.B. Hoidale Co., 239 K. 165, 169, 718 P.2d 292 (1986).

43. Optional or obligatory future advances under mortgage have priority over liens attaching after recording but before advances made. First Nat'l Bank in Wichita v. Fink, 241 K. 321, 325, 736 P.2d 909 (1987).

44. Question of constructive notice of instrument filed with register of deeds is one of law; standard of review is de novo. Miller v. Alexander, 13 K.A.2d 543, 547, 775 P.2d 198 (1989).

45. Assignment of payments from realty deed governed by Article 9 of UCC; trustee had priority over unperfected bank. In Re Southworth, 22 B.R. 376, 377, 379 (1982).

46. The effect failure to record assignment of mortgage had on rights of the assignee in relation to junior mortgagees discussed. Bank Western v. Henderson, 255 K. 343, 349, 353, 874 P.2d 632 (1994).

47. Under facts, quitclaim deed imparted duty to purchaser to investigate title; common law BFP analysis similar to constructive notice analysis. Schwalm v. Deanhardt, 21 K.A.2d 667, 669, 906 P.2d 167 (1995).

48. Easement filed at register of deeds office gives notice to all persons, not just experts in subject. Bi-State Dev. Co., Inc v. Shafer, Kline & Warren, Inc., 26 K.A.2d 515, 519, 990 P.2d 159 (1999).

49. Bona fide purchaser could not avoid creditor's assigned interest in mortgage because creditor allegedly failed to record assignment. In re Patton, 314 B.R. 826, 832 (2004).

50. Recording of interest in land after land has been conveyed to third party does not bind third party who had no notice of it. Schlup v. Bourdon, 33 K.A.2d 564, 105 P.3d 720 (2005).

51. Failure of title company to find public document with restrictive covenants did not make them unenforceable. Jeremiah 29:11, Inc. v. Seifert, 36 K.A.2d 19, 26, 136 P.3d 957 (2006).

52. Summary judgment denied on purported fraud by title company overcharge of real estate recording fees. Doll v. Chicago Title Ins. Co., 517 F.Supp.2d 1273, 1276, 1277 (2007).

53. Real estate description in mortgage described wrong lot number thus failed to impart knowledge of its existence. In re Colon, 376 B.R. 22, 27, 28, 32 (2007).

54. Mortgage not recorded under proper lot number did not provide constructive notice to buyer. In re Colon, 376 B.R. 33, 36 (2007).

55. Addendum ineffective in relating back to defective notarial act date; unacknowledged mortgage does not place subsequent purchaser on notice even if recorded and viewed by purchaser. In re Androes, 382 B.R. 805, 809, 812 (2008).

56. Kansas transfers of real estate interests must be by written document and perfected by recording. In re Coffelt, 395 B.R. 133, 140 (2008).


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