KANSAS OFFICE of
  REVISOR of STATUTES

  

Home >> Statutes >> Back


Click to open printable format in new window.Printable Format
 | Next

58-2223. Same; unrecorded instrument valid only between parties having actual notice. No such instrument in writing shall be valid, except between the parties thereto, and such as have actual notice thereof, until the same shall be deposited with the register of deeds for record.

History: G.S. 1868, ch. 22, ยง 21; October 31; R.S. 1923, 67-223.

Cross References to Related Sections:

Filing and recording of lien statement, see 60-1102.

Law Review and Bar Journal References:

"Will Substitutes in Kansas," Jana J. Deines and Michael E. McMahon, 23 W.L.J. 132, 134 (1983).

Title certificates in Kansas, Charles H. Oldfather, Jr., 6 K.L.R. 417 (1958).

Case in annotation No. 39 below discussed in 1957-59 survey of debtor-creditor law, Wesley E. Brown, 8 K.L.R. 265, 267 (1959).

Priority of mechanic's lien, 8 K.L.R. 482, 483, 484 (1960).

Survey of Kansas law on real and personal property (1965-1969), 18 K.L.R. 427, 428, 436 (1970).

"Kansas' Marketable Record Title Act," Christel E. Marquardt, 13 W.L.J. 33, 44, 46 (1974).

Operation and effect of recording statutes, 17 W.L.J. 615 (1978).

"Survey of Kansas Law: Real and Personal Property," Deanell R. Tacha, 27 K.L.R. 283, 284 (1979).

"Commercial Transactions Under the New Bankruptcy Act," Paul B. Rasor, 48 J.B.A.K. 199, 200, 201 (1979).

"Alternate Methods of Financing the Sale and Purchase of Single Family Residences: Representing the Buyer and the Seller," Peter M. DiGiovanni, 50 J.K.B.A. 179, 193 (1981).

Attorney General's Opinions:

Mortgage registration and intangibles; mortgage registration; instruments subject thereto. 87-162.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Priority over unrecorded deed, claimed only by purchaser for consideration. Coon v. Browning, 10 K. 85, 87.

2. Only parties to deed bound by unrecorded deed. Marshall v. Shepard, 23 K. 321, 324, 326.

3. Deed filed, imparted notice from time of filing. Poplin v. Mundell, 27 K. 138, 156.

4. Under statute same rule applies to mortgages as to deeds. Jackson v. Reid, 30 K. 10, 12, 1 P. 308.

5. Action to quiet title; effect of decree on unrecorded deeds. Utley v. Fee, 33 K. 683, 687, 689, 7 P. 555.

6. Priority of liens between mortgagee and attaching creditor. N. W. Forwarding Co. v. Mahaffey, Slutz & Co., 36 K. 152, 154, 12 P. 705.

7. Effect upon record of deed which was fraudulently obtained. Northrup v. Hottenstein, 38 K. 263, 268, 269, 16 P. 445.

8. Liability of mortgagee who fails to record satisfaction of mortgage. Perkins v. Matteson, 40 K. 165, 168, 19 P. 633.

9. Recording of unacknowledged assignment of mortgage; no constructive notice. Fisher v. Cowles, 41 K. 418, 422, 21 P. 228.

10. No notice of prior unrecorded deed; quitclaim deed prevails. Merrill v. Hutchinson, 45 K. 59, 63, 25 P. 215.

11. Sale for taxes of realty owned by minor; redemption. Douglass v. Lowell, 55 K. 574, 578, 40 P. 917.

12. Recital of unrecorded mortgage in deed; notice to subsequent purchasers. Taylor v. Mitchell, 58 K. 194, 195, 48 P. 859.

13. Unrecorded deed void against innocent purchaser without notice for value. Smith v. Worster, 59 K. 640, 643, 54 P. 676.

14. Unrecorded deed, subject to rules governing purchaser pendente lite. Atchison County v. Lips, 69 K. 252, 254, 76 P. 851.

15. Mechanic's lien cannot hold grantor because deed not recorded. Lang v. Adams, 71 K. 309, 311, 80 P. 593.

16. Quitclaim deed; prior unrecorded deed; latter requires valuable consideration. Morris v. Wicks, 81 K. 790, 106 P. 1048.

17. Purchaser of tax title unaffected by failure to record mortgage. Gibson v. Uppenkamp, 83 K. 74, 79, 109 P. 781.

18. Innocent purchaser for value without notice; priority over unrecorded deed. Faris v. Finnup, 84 K. 122, 123, 113 P. 407.

19. Unacknowledged contract, recorded, does not affect title. Banister v. Fallis, 85 K. 320, 322, 116 P. 822.

20. Unacknowledged mortgage not good against subsequent purchaser, even though recorded. Nordman v. Rau, 86 K. 19, 21, 119 P. 351.

21. Purchase without notice of unrecorded deed; due diligence. Penrose v. Cooper, 88 K. 210, 212, 128 P. 362.

22. Abstract does not show marketable title; not cured by affidavits. Beeler v. Sims, 91 K. 757, 761, 139 P. 371.

23. Section does not apply to judgment creditors or execution purchasers. Culp v. Kiene, 101 K. 511, 512, 168 P. 1097.

24. Contract; specific performance; rights of holder of unrecorded deed. Nuckles v. Tallman, 106 K. 264, 266, 187 P. 654.

25. Mortgage recorded, assignment unrecorded; second mortgage; priority of liens. Middlekauff v. Bell, 111 K. 206, 207, 207 P. 184.

26. Section is for protection of purchaser without actual notice; actual notice may be express or implied. Edwards v. Myers, 127 K. 221, 273 P. 468.

27. Ordinary oil and gas lease held conveyance within section. Derby Oil Co. v. Bell, 134 K. 489, 492, 7 P.2d 39.

28. Owner of unrecorded assignment protected against lis pendens claims. Bennett v. Christy, 137 K. 376, 379, 20 P.2d 813.

29. Burden of proving lack of consideration is upon party attacking deed. Chisholm v. Snider, 145 K. 573, 578, 66 P.2d 573.

30. Substantial consideration brings conveyance under act; last conveyance, recorded prior, superior. Hyndman v. Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, 146 K. 34, 38, 68 P.2d 645.

31. Compared; act avoiding unrecorded instruments conveying mineral rights (79-420) held valid. Hushaw v. Kansas Farmers' Union Royalty Co., 149 K. 64, 71, 86 P.2d 559.

32. Recorded mortgage has priority over previously executed unrecorded deed; consideration. Farmers & Merchants State Bank v. Higgins, 149 K. 783, 784, 787, 89 P.2d 916.

33. Deed improperly acknowledged valid as between parties thereto. Tawney v. Blankenship, 150 K. 41, 47, 90 P.2d 111.

34. Meaning of "actual notice" discussed and applied; express or implied notice. Federal Savings & Loan Corp. v. Urschel, 159 K. 674, 683, 684, 157 P.2d 805.

35. Provision as to actual notice of unrecorded instrument construed; express or implied. Hoult v. Rich, 161 K. 587, 589, 590, 170 P.2d 834.

36. Cited; tax foreclosure action; only record title holders necessary defendants. Board of County Comm'rs v. Groomer, 166 K. 593, 598, 203 P.2d 237.

37. Delivered unrecorded oil lease only good between parties to it. Peatling v. Baird, 168 K. 528, 535, 213 P.2d 1015.

38. Recorded unacknowledged revocation of power of attorney does not impart notice. Horney v. Buffenbarger, 169 K. 342, 348, 219 P.2d 345.

39. Mechanic's lien superior where construction commenced after mortgage executed but before mortgage recorded. Davis-Wellcome Mortgage Co. v. Long-Bell Lumber Co., 184 K. 202, 205, 206, 207, 208, 336 P.2d 463; Davis-Wellcome Mortgage Co. v. Long-Bell Lumber Co., 184 K. 209, 336 P.2d 469.

40. "Actual notice" may be express or implied; implied notice defined, rebuttable. Lane v. Courange, 187 K. 645, 646, 648, 650, 359 P.2d 1115.

41. Mentioned in defining phrase "owners of record" as used in 12-6a04. Rostine v. City of Hutchinson, 191 K. 523, 526, 382 P.2d 474.

42. Oil and gas leasehold mortgage filed as realty fixed lien. Riverview State Bank v. Ernest, 198 F.2d 876, 879, 880.

43. Duty of condemnor to ascertain parties. Dotson v. State Highway Commission, 198 K. 671, 675, 426 P.2d 138.

44. Referred to; assignment of oil and gas lease secured future advance and enforceable against attaching creditor. Ingram v. Ingram, 214 K. 415, 424, 521 P.2d 254.

45. Applied in determining property assigned by "Mother Hubbard" clause in conveyance valid as between parties; ineffective as to subsequent purchasers without knowledge. Luthi v. Evans, 223 K. 622, 627, 628, 576 P.2d 1064.

46. Cited; mechanic's lien holder should secure personal judgment and foreclosure in same action. Home State Bank v. P.B. Hoidale Co., 239 K. 165, 169, 718 P.2d 292 (1986).

47. Mechanic's lien attaching after execution but before recording of purchase money mortgage has priority where lienholder has no actual knowledge of mortgage. Shade v. Wheatcraft Industries, Inc., 248 K. 531, 535, 538, 809 P.2d 538 (1991).

48. Assignment of payments from realty deed governed by Article 9 of UCC; trustee had priority over unperfected bank. In Re Southworth, 22 B.R. 376, 377, 379 (1982).

49. Debtor's unrecorded deed of property to grantor had priority over judgment creditor's lien. In re Harter, Inc., 31 B.R. 1015, 1018, 1019 (1983).

50. The effect failure to record assignment of mortgage had on rights of the assignee in relation to junior mortgagees discussed. Bank Western v. Henderson, 255 K. 343, 349, 353, 874 P.2d 632 (1994).

51. Under facts, quitclaim deed imparted duty to purchaser to investigate title; common law BFP analysis similar to constructive notice analysis. Schwalm v. Deanhardt, 21 K.A.2d 667, 668, 906 P.2d 167 (1995).

52. Bona fide purchaser could not avoid creditor's assigned interest in mortgage because creditor allegedly failed to record assignment. In re Patton, 314 B.R. 826, 832 (2004).

53. Recording of interest in land after land has been conveyed to third party does not bind third party who had no notice of it. Schlup v. Bourdon, 33 K.A.2d 564, 105 P.3d 720 (2005).

54. Unrecorded mortgage is not valid except between the parties thereto. In re Ramsey, 356 B.R. 217, 226 (2006).

55. Restrictive covenant in deed not signed by grantee held not to apply to subsequent purchaser. Jeremiah 29:11, Inc. v. Seifert, 284 K. 468, 471, 473, 161 P.3d 750 (2007).

56. Failure to record mortgage document properly renders mortgage vulnerable to a bankruptcy trustee's avoidance powers. In re Coffelt, 395 B.R. 133, 141 (2008).


 | Next


LEGISLATIVE COORDINATING COUNCIL
11/16/2022 Meeting Notice Agenda
9/23/2022 Meeting Notice Agenda
6/16/2022 Meeting Notice Agenda
2/23/2022 Meeting Notice Agenda
1/7/2022 Meeting Notice Agenda

LCC Policies

COMMISSION ON INTERSTATE COOPERATION
6/29/2022 Meeting Notice Agenda

REVISOR OF STATUTES
2021 Interim Assignments
2022 Valid Section Numbers
Chapter 72 Statute Transfer List
Kansas School Equity & Enhancement Act
Gannon v. State
Information for Special Session 2021
General Information, Legal Analysis & Research
2022 Amended & Repealed Statutes
2021 Amended & Repealed Statutes
2020 Amended & repealed Statutes
2019 Amended & Repealed Statutes

USEFUL LINKS
Session Laws

 OTHER LEGISLATIVE SITES
Kansas Legislature
Administrative Services
Division of Post Audit
Research Department