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65-4162.

History: L. 1994, ch. 291, § 87; L. 1994, ch. 338, § 3; L. 1995, ch. 218, § 2; L. 2000, ch. 108, § 5; L. 2008, ch. 61, § 1; Repealed, L. 2009, ch. 32, § 64; July 1.

CASE ANNOTATIONS

1. Municipal conviction cannot be used as a prior conviction to classify conviction as felony. State v. Patterson, 23 Kan. App. 2d 346, 347, 930 P.2d 22 (1997).

2. Severity level of drug possession charge hereunder should have been enhanced for conviction under prior statute (K.S.A. 65-4127b). State v. Crank, 262 Kan. 449, 989 P.2d 890 (1997).

3. Conviction hereunder; law regarding police-citizen encounters discussed and applied to fourth amendment search and seizure issues. State v. Thompson, 284 Kan. 763, 166 P.3d 1015 (2007).

4. Conviction hereunder; new trial ordered after trial court allowed testimony about defendant's prior marijuana use. State v. Boggs, 38 Kan. App. 2d 683, 686, 170 P.3d 912 (2007).

5. Diversion agreement failed to contain mandatory waiver of certain rights; convictions reversed. State v. Moses, 38 Kan. App. 2d 840, 841, 173 P.3d 652 (2008).

6. Convictions hereunder vacated; trial court to conduct hearing to determine whether evidence is fruit of poisonous tree. State v. Poulton, 286 Kan. 1, 4, 179 P.3d 1145 (2008).

7. Cited; court discusses double jeopardy analysis to drug crimes, unitary conduct and unit of prosecution test. State v. Thompson, 287 Kan. 238, 241, 200 P.3d 22 (2008).

8. Cited; prior use of marijuana evidence held improper to prove intent of possession under facts of case. State v. Boggs, 287 Kan. 298, 310, 197 P.3d 441 (2008).

9. Charges hereunder; information received from defendant's phone conversations in jail held consented to by defendant; no wiretap violation. State v. Andrews, 39 Kan. App. 2d 19, 20, 176 P.3d 245 (2008).

10. Cited in discussing the term of duration for drug treatment and for probation. State v. Holt, 39 Kan. App. 2d 741, 742, 186 P.3d 803 (2008).

11. Cited; court not required to impose nonprison sentence even when such sentence is presumed, when. State v. Andelt, 40 Kan. App. 2d 796, 797, 195 P.3d 1220 (2008).

12. Uncounseled misdemeanor conviction obtained in violation of sixth amendment may not be used to enhance subsequent criminal proceedings. State v. Youngblood, 288 Kan. 659, 206 P.3d 518 (2009).

13. Defendant who fails to participate in ordered drug abuse treatment program is subject to serve underlying prison sentence. State v. Bee, 288 Kan. 733, 207 P.3d 244 (2009).

14. BIDS application fee procedures protect a defendant's constitutional right to counsel. State v. Casady, 289 Kan. 150, 210 P.3d 113 (2009).

15. Drug treatment programs mandatory for individuals who qualify under K.S.A. 21-4729. State v. Andelt, 289 Kan. 763, 217 P.3d 976 (2009).

16. Search of vehicle upheld; case law on vehicle searches discussed and applied. State v. Davison, 41 Kan. App. 2d 140, 202 P.3d 44 (2009).

17. Conviction hereunder upheld; traffic stop and smell of marijuana provided probable cause for search. State v. Preston, 41 Kan. App. 2d 981, 207 P.3d 1081 (2009).

18. Possession of the narcotic in Lortab is a felony under K.S.A. 65-4160. State v. Surowski, 42 Kan. App. 2d 304, 212 P.3d 229 (2009).

19. Drug treatment sanction trumps the prison sanction outlined in K.S.A. 21-4603d (f)(3). State v. Casey, 42 Kan. App. 2d 309, 211 P.3d 847 (2009).

20. Crimes of possession of marijuana and possession of drug paraphernalia are not multiplicitous. State v. Ralston, 43 Kan. App. 2d 353, 225 P.3d 741 (2010).


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